- Technologic or Formulaic Thinking-- procedural thinking that is based on pre-existing knowledge that comes from somewhere outside of the thinker
- This kind of reflective thinking would be good for students to examine a process that is based on an already-established protocol.
- Masonry students could examine the process behind laying brick and discuss why it is ordered in a given way.
- Early Childhood students could reflect on the process given to calm a scared child with separation anxiety to understand why the sequence used is successful.
- Situational Thinking-- thinking that is rooted in an immediate moment in time and does not look beyond the moment to any root causes
- Students can be urged to use situational thinking to guide behavior from moment to moment, but this kind of thinking will not serve to solve any core problems.
- Public Safety students could reflect on the actions and behavior needed in a variety of high stress situations, such as traffic stops, domestic disputes, auto accidents, and house fires.
- Nursing students can reflect on the behavior required to interact with a patient who is experiencing trauma.
- Deliberate Thinking-- deeper thinking that is used to go beyond the immediate situation to understand the core issue
- Students can use this type of thinking to better understand a process or situation. The students can call on outside expertise. The students can reflect on a procedure that they are engaging in within a group project or within a lab environment, in order to understand why it is or is not working.
- Early Childhood students can examine the preschool schedule to understand why children are having difficulty transitioning from one activity to another.
- Landscaping students can reflect on the preparation and care needed for plants to grow when a flower bed is not flourishing the way it should be.
- Dialectical Thinking-- thinking that builds on deliberate thinking to generate solutions
- Early Childhood students can build on the preschool schedule and transition issue to suggest solutions and possible changes that can be made based on a variety of expert sources.
- Landscaping students can look for solutions to help create a healthier environment for flower beds that are not flourishing.
- This is the perfect kind of thinking to use in a project-based learning situation as the students work through an issue and proposing solutions.
Sunday, April 11, 2010
Metacognition and Reflection
This post will build on the first post where I explored the various kinds of reflection. I think tying it together in this way will make it more meaningful.